Portland, OR 97203
The Columbia Boulevard Wastewater Treatment Plant is part of a collection and treatment system that serves nearly 600,000 residential and commercial customers. The plant operates every day around the clock to manage, monitor and adjust the treatment process. Sewage pump stations and pipes convey wastewater to the facility 24 hours a day.
- 1952 Plant completed
- 1969 Primary expansion
- 1974 Addition of secondary treatment
- 1982 Digester expansion
- 1994 Secondary modification complete
- 1996 New headworks complete
- 2000 New dry weather primary clarifiers added
- 2005 Switched from liquid chlorine to sodium hypochlorite for wastewater disinfection
- 2008 Adopted new CBWTP facilities plan
- 2008 Activated cogeneration facility to use biogas to fuel plant operations
- 2011 Two new digesters (9 and 10) put into service, adding 5.6 million gallons of sludge treatment capacity and 8 to 10 days of detention time to the process.
- 2011 Willamette River CSO tunnel system becomes fully functional with the East Side Big Pipe joining the West Side Big Pipe to convey combined sewage to the treatment plant.
- 2011 WWSF (Wet Weather Screening Facility) goes online to capture excess storm flow debris.
- 2012 CEPT (Chemically-Enhanced Primary Treatment) added to capture excess storm flow solids.
- 2013 Portsmouth Odor Control Facility put into service, removing odor from the Portsmouth tunnel.
- 2013 Construction ongoing for the Secondary Process Improvement project to increase efficiency of the eight aerators to treat high storm flows, from the current 100 mgd to 125 mgd. Expected completion date in fall 2014.
- 2013 Construction started for Digesters Mixing Project to help promote better digestion that leads to increased methane production and better dewatering of digested sludge. Expected completion date in summer 2014.
"To protect public health and the environment" is the mission of the Columbia Boulevard Wastewater Treatment Plant. Stewardship of our natural resources and service to the community are the underlying reasons that many plant employees chose a career in wastewater treatment.
The staff is specially trained to manage, monitor and adjust the treatment process. Dozens of pump stations and thousands of miles of sewer lines are part of the system that brings wastewater to the facility 24 hours a day.
The Tryon Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant, a second wastewater treatment plant south of Portland, is also monitored at the Columbia Boulevard facility.
Why We Treat Wastewater
Portland first began treating its wastewater in 1952. Before then the city's industrial discharges, agricultural waste and sewage emptied directly into the Willamette River and Columbia Slough. The water became dangerously contaminated. When Portland citizens realized it would take new infrastructure to help clean up the problem, they approved a $12 million bond issue to build a wastewater treatment facility.
The Columbia Boulevard Wastewater Treatment Plant is the last stop for Portland's wastewater. A trip through the treatment plant removes most of the suspended solids and dissolved materials and sends a river water quality effluent to the Columbia River. The city recycles some of the solids for use as a beneficial soil supplement.
Treatment Plant Overview
The Columbia Boulevard plant has a two-phase treatment process. The primary phase screens out large debris for landfilling, skims off grease, oil and floatable solids, and collects and thickens settleable solids.
In the secondary phase, naturally occurring microorganisms feed on organic pollutants in the wastewater and the resulting residue is separated. After disinfection, the treated water flows into the Columbia River.
Finally the treatment of solids removed during the primary and secondary phases produces biosolids. Processing extracts water to make a concentrated, stable material and speeds natural decomposition. Microorganisms living at a constant temperature in an oxygen-free environment aid solids decomposition. The city uses biosolids as a soil supplement on dry pasture land.
Innovations and the Future
New and innovative wastewater treatment technology is vital to meet the needs of Portland's growing population. The city has continually improved and expanded the plant since it was built in 1952. In 1969, the primary treatment process was expanded and modernized. In 1974, the secondary treatment process was added. In 1979, twin belt presses were added. In 1982, anaerobic digesters were expanded.
An anoxic flow process added to the secondary phase in 1993 makes Columbia Boulevard one of the largest treatment plants in the country to convert to this process. The $12 million addition eliminates unwanted microorganisms and minimizes the need for chlorination while increasing secondary treatment flow from a maximum of 120 million gallons per day to 200 million gallons per day.
Construction began in 2009 to upgrade the plant's screening facility to allow more wastewater to flow to the supplemental primary sedimentation tanks used during wet weather. In 2012, the plant completed installing a Chemically-Enhanced Primary Treatment (CEPT) facility for wet weather wastewater flows. CEPT makes solid particles in wastewater clump together and settle faster to increase treatment efficiency.
Construction began in late 2012 on a Secondary Process Improvement (SPI) project using step feed technology to increase treatment in our biological aeration basins by up to 25%.
In 1997, Environmental Services opened a new headworks facility, replacing one of the oldest parts of the Columbia Boulevard plant. The headworks provides preliminary wastewater treatment. Large screens remove debris, grit, and sand from the wastewater flow. The facility is totally enclosed and chemical scrubbers clean the air before it is discharged. Landscaping around the building features native plants, a pond, and a wetlands.
Dry Weather Primary Clarifiers
In 2000, Environmental Services completed construction of new dry weather primary clarifiers. These huge covered, concrete sedimentation tanks are designed to remove solids, oil, and grease from dry weather sewage flow. To control sewage odors, two chemical scrubbing towers capture and clean air from the tanks. The towers can filter about 33,000 cubic feet of air per minute.
Influent Pump Station
In 2000, Environmental Services completed construction of the Columbia Slough Consolidation Conduit to keep combined sewage from overflowing to the Columbia Slough. To get this mixture of stormwater and sewage from the Big Pipe to the Headworks, Environmental Services built an influent pump station in 1999. The pump station is about 96 feet long, 30 feet wide and 40 feet deep. The only part of the facility visible above ground is a small building that houses electrical and control systems. The facility has three small motor-driven pumps that pump up to 30 million gallons per day (mgd) during dry weather. During heavy rain storms, three larger pumps activate to pump an additional 75 mdg, making the total pumping capacity 105 mgd.
Environmental Services uses sodium hypochlorite, a strong bleach, to disinfect treated wastewater before it is discharged to the Columbia River. To reduce chlorine residual to no more than one part per million, Environmental Services built a dechlorination facility on the banks of the Columbia at Hayden Island. The facility uses liquid sodium bisulfite to dechlorinate treated wastewater.The facility opened in 2000 and has a four-cell mixing chamber and a separate 2,000 square foot chemical storage and metering building.
Odor Control Projects
The Columbia Boulevard Wastewater Treatment Plant is committed to eliminating odors that are perceptible beyond the plant's boundaries. Environmental Services spent $5 million dollars to meet that goal by 2006. The plant currently uses natural biofilters and chemical scrubbers to capture foul odors from wastewater and sludge. People who live within two miles of the plant are invited to become odor monitors to help us control odors.