2014 Ecoroof Symposium - Event Program
Keynote: 30 Years after The Granite Garden: How Far Have We Come?
Anne Whiston Spirn (Biography)
How Commercial Property Investment in Green Roofs and other Green Infrastructure Improvements Can Create Value (Abstract)
Janet Clements, Senior Economist, Stratus Consulting (Biography)
Acoustical Characteristics of Green Roofs and Living Walls: Effects on Indoor and Outdoor Acoustical Environments (Abstract)
Dr. Maureen Connelly PhD, MAIBC Director, Faculty Centre for Architectural Ecology, School of construction and the Environment, British Columbia Institute of Technology (Biography)
The Janey Apartment Ecoroofs: The Business Case (Abstract)
Getting to the Root of Green Roof Retrofits (Abstract)
Ilana Judah, Intl Assoc. AIA, OAQ, LEED AP BD+C Director of Sustainability, FXFOWLE Architects (Biography)
Design+Science: Linking Green Roof Research to Practice (Abstract)
Jason King, ASLA, LEED AP, Senior Landscape Architect, Herrera Consulting (Biography)
White, Black or Green: Disaggregation of Value Proposition is a Major Challenge for Green Roofs (Abstract)
Aditya Ranade, PhD, MBA, Senior Analyst, Lux Research (Biography)
The Developing Problems in Multifamily Roof Design and How Ecoroofs are Part of the Solution (Abstract)
Shawn Sullivan, Development Manager at Winkler Development Corporation (Biography)
How Commercial Property Investment in Green Roofs and other Green Infrastructure Improvements Can Create Value - Janet Clements, Senior Economist, Stratus Consulting
Ms. Clements will be presenting her findings from a recent report, funded by the Natural Resources Defense Council, on the benefits that can accrue to private property owners when they implement green infrastructure (including green roofs) on their property. In many cities, private property owners can receive a stormwater fee credit for installing green infrastructure. However, even in cities with relatively high stormwater fees and available credits, the value of the credit alone often will not provide a sufficient economic incentive to motivate investment in these environmentally beneficial practices. To encourage additional implementation of green infrastructure, this report identifies and quantifies (to the extent feasible) the range of additional economic benefits that green infrastructure can bring to property owners, including owners of multifamily residential buildings. When accounting for these benefits, commercial property owners receive a much greater return on investment -- and have a much stronger business case for green infrastructure investments -- than when considering stormwater fee savings alone. Benefits evaluated include: increased rents and property values; increased retail sales; energy savings; stormwater fee credits and other financial incentives; reduced infrastructure costs; reduced costs associated with flooding; reduced water bills; increased mental health and worker productivity for office employees; and reduced crime.
Acoustical Characteristics of Green Roofs and Living Walls; Effects on Indoor and Outdoor Acoustical Environments - Dr. Maureen Connelly, British Columbia Institute of Technology
Vegetative roofs are increasingly used in sustainable building construction and have the potential to improve the acoustical environments inside and outside buildings because of beneficial sound absorption and transmission-loss characteristics. A multi-tiered approach is required to address the ecological contributions of vegetated roofs and their acoustically relevant characteristics at the building and site scale. The findings from novel research projects on the acoustical characteristics of vegetative roofs are presented and propose a framework to embed the new qualitative and quantitative knowledge of vegetative roofs into the architectural design process. The capacity of vegetated roofs to increase the ecological performance of buildings and contribute in a positive manner to the urban soundscape was determined by investigating the acoustical characteristics of vegetated roofs. It was found that substrates provide significant sound absorption, and that less water content, more organic matter, and less compaction increase absorption. In addition, vegetated roofs act as a sound attenuating absorptive ground on the roof and have the potential to absorb between 20%-60% of incident sound energy. Adding a vegetated layer to a roof reduces sound transmission, with vegetated roofs having higher performance in mitigating low-frequency noise than many non-vegetated roof systems. Finally, the urban soundscape experience on the rooftop is altered by a vegetated roof; natural sounds increase and street level sounds decrease with the inclusion of plants on the roof. The research findings quantitatively define vegetated roofs as an acoustical solution for the control of noise and inform the architectural design process about the capacity of vegetated roofs to increase the sustainable and livable use of rooftops. Vegetative roofs simultaneously embrace and contribute to the contextual soundscape; ultimately, this allows designers and users to realize an increase in the aural quality of place, both inside buildings and up on the rooftops.
The Janey Apartment Ecoroofs: The Business Case - Agustin Enriquez V, AIA, LEED AP, Principal, GBD Architects Incorporated, and Kurt Lango, Principal, Lango Hansen Landscape Architecture PC
The Janey Apartments is a mixed-use, multifamily development in downtown Portland. It consists of 50 market rate apartments averaging 570 square feet per apartment (mix of one bedrooms and studios). Given the prime location in the heart of Portland’s very desirable Pearl District, the design team was tasked with creating a project that would set a new upper limit for rent per square foot. During the design phase, the team made a calculated decision that typical amenities such as a fitness room, community room, or lounge would not be included. Instead the team focused on creating a rooftop amenity space open to all residents that needed to be of a quality that would attract residents and be a deciding factor when evaluating where their next residence would be. As such, the rooftop space included a bbq, a fire pit, ample seating, an herb garden, and a pre-grown sedum tile eco-roof. Because the roof top amenity space has been consistently noted as a top draw during post-occupancy conversations with residents, the Ownership group has decided to include a roof top amenity space surrounded by an eco-roof on their next building even without the City of Portland Ecoroof Incentive.
Getting to the Root of Green Roof Retrofits - Ilana Judah, Director of Sustainability, FXFOWLE Architects
Incorporating a green roof on an existing building is a process that presents multiple challenges from the initial design concepts through installation and maintenance. This session will focus on the planning necessary to achieve a successful green roof project on an existing building. Issues addressed in the presentation include structural analysis, code and zoning requirements, compatibility with existing conditions, daylight, installation logistics, irrigation, and maintenance. Case studies of various scales and typologies will be presented, including the new seven-acre green roof at the recently renovated Javits Convention Center in New York City.
Design+Science: Linking Green Roof Research to Practice - Jason King, Senior Landscape Architect, Herrera Consulting
Today’s complex projects need strong connections between design interventions and scientific research to ensure successful outcomes. Nowhere is this more true than with green roof projects, where multiple components of media, plantings, drainage, and waterproofing work in tandem to provide myriad benefits such as stormwater management, thermal performance, roof longevity, habitat provision, and more. While this link has become more evident in recent years, we need to provide stronger ties between research & practice that will maximize performance, alleviate risk, and facilitate innovation. Specific design and maintenance decisions can be improved through on-going monitoring, research, testing and analysis. To this end, research can be more focused through an integrated process that aims to provide actionable, evidence-based direction for designers. This presentation will cover a range of topics including: current research and impacts on design; barriers to accessing information; and a process for integrated design thinking. Q&A will offer a chance for discussion of these topics with the range of researchers and designers in attendance.
White, Black or Green: Disaggregation of Value Proposition is a Major Challenge for Green Roofs - Aditya Ranade, Lux Research
Green roofs are already a $7 billion global industry, mainly driven by the incentives from 60+ cities around the world. However, for widespread acceptance beyond these 60 cities, and increasingly even in these cities, green roofs will compete with reflective roof coatings, roof insulation, and design solutions for storm-water collection. As economic drivers overtake environmental, green roof installers must gather in-field data to quantify the benefits of storm-water volume reduction, increased roofing membrane life, and thermal insulation. In this presentation, Aditya Ranade will discuss initial attempts towards this, the resultant economic analysis and what it means for the green roofs sector going forward.
The Developing Problems in Multifamily Roof Design and How Ecoroofs are Part of the Solution - Shawn Sullivan, Development Manager at Winkler Development Corporation
The most expensive and frequently reoccurring capital expense for commercial building is the replacement of the roof membrane. A recent study of roof conditions on the west coast showed the Portland/Seattle area with roughly 30% of roofs tested at a moisture level of risk or failure after ten years. This means that for a large number of buildings the most expensive element impacting replacement reserves will possible fail after half the expectant life cycle. In the last three years Sullivan Architecture has collaborated with Schaber Roofing Consultants on seven different roofing projects, including; new construction and renovation, Ecoroofs, Structural Insulated Panels, concrete decks, plywood decks, and multiple membranes. Each project has been a balance to provide the best solution in the most cost effective manner. The complexity and possibilities of roof solutions is no longer something that should be resolved just by specification and price point, but instead needs to be considered starting with the initial design of the project. The goal of the workshop is to better inform all team members regarding the composite that makes a contemporary and long lasting roof system, so that when they discuss and/or consider an Ecoroof application, they better understand the dynamics, relationships, costs, and benefit by considering the cause and effect of multiple options.
Ms. Clements, senior economist at Stratus Consulting, specializes in water resources planning and economics. She is a noted economic expert in the water sector, specifically in the fields of green infrastructure, triple-bottom line (TBL) analysis, and affordability of water and wastewater services. Ms. Clements has conducted economic and environmental impact analyses of green infrastructure, water supply (including water reuse and desalination), climate services, and energy development projects, evaluating effects on irrigated agriculture, water quality, air quality, municipal water rates, public health, recreation, regional economies, and economic sectors. She has served as the lead analyst on several projects related to non-market valuation of benefits and costs and has also led and conducted several studies to assess regional economic impacts of policy changes and events. Ms. Clements is experienced in evaluating water use and behavior across sectors and applying that information to help water utilities with water conservation, water demand management, and drought planning. She also works on climate variability and adaptation in relation to the water sector. Prior to attending graduate school, Ms. Clements worked as a natural resources planner for a rural California County. In this role, she worked with government agencies, Native American tribes, and nonprofit organizations on watershed planning efforts. She received her undergraduate degree in sustainable resource management from The Ohio State University and her master’s degree in agricultural and natural resource economics from Colorado State University.
Dr. Maureen Connelly PhD, MAIBC - Director, Faculty Centre for Architectural Ecology, School of Construction and the Environment, British Columbia Institute of Technology
Combining a science background with a professional affiliation as an architect, Maureen Connelly developed the vision, oversaw the construction and the instrumentation of the BCIT green roof research facility in 2002. Maureen's initial research focused on the architectural and planning impact of greenroofs, which led to the Phase 1 research on stormwater and thermal performance. Maureen developed the first credited course on green roofs in Canada. Current research focus is on the quantification of the acoustical capacity for greenroofs and walls to reduce sound transmission through buildings, reduce noise build up in urban areas and enhance personal and shared soundscapes. Maureen continues to direct the strategic research and planning process at the BCIT Centre for Architectural Ecology. Maureen received the BCIT Applied Research Award for outstanding contribution to the advancement of knowledge, and of economic and societal well-being through the application and implementation of new technology accepted the Canadian Institute of Energy 2010 Research and Development award on behalf of the Centre, and most recently the Green Roof and Wall Research Award of Excellence from Green Roofs for Healthy Cities.
Agustin Enriquez’ keen eye for design has catapulted him to the forefront of mixed-use, mid-rise urban architecture in a short period of time. With an emphasis on mixed-use, housing, office, environmentally responsible design and helping clients plan large sites, Agustin’s responsibilities include design, documentation and construction administration. Most recently, Agustin led the completion of The Janey Apartments, 12th & Alder (Culver Building) Renovation, Maryhill Museum Expansion and Renovation, and is currently working on the Lloyd Blocks team. Included in his experience is the medical office building for Oregon Health & Science University, certified LEED Platinum — the highest rating possible and the largest office building in the country to achieve such a distinction. Agustin has been involved with three LEED certified buildings and one more under construction. Agustin works closely with clients, to find innovative and creative solutions, combining aesthetics with practicality. His efforts help to produce buildings on time, on budget and complementary to their local surroundings. He also provides design guidance that results in unique solutions for each client.
Ilana Judah is the Director of Sustainability and a Senior Associate at FXFOWLE Architects, an architecture, interiors and planning firm with offices in New York and Washington, DC. She has over sixteen years of experience in leading sustainability strategies for numerous LEED certified projects of various scales and typologies in the United States and abroad. Ilana oversees all of FXFOWLE’s sustainable design initiatives, and assists teams in developing the overall environmental strategy on projects, including meeting the requirements of LEED, 2030 Challenge energy codes, high-performance building systems, and facilitation of sustainable design workshops. She remains a resource to each project team as a design progresses through construction, conducting research and coordinating green initiatives. Additionally, Ilana directs green roof feasibility study initiatives and evaluation services to determine if an existing structure is appropriate for a green roof, as well as design and construction administration to facilitate proper installation practices.
Mr. King has 16 years of experience in landscape architecture with a focus on urban ecological site design, sustainable stormwater, green roofs, master planning, and healthcare projects. Jason is a design-oriented professional with a portfolio of work in Oregon, Washington, and California, and a strong focus on innovative research based solutions, creative problem solving, and ecological urbanism. He has led and participated in multiple community design efforts, presentations, and research to expand the role of the landscape architecture profession utilizing site scale, neighborhood, and regional regenerative strategies. Jason has a Bachelor’s of Landscape Architecture and a BS in Environmental Design from North Dakota State University, and doctoral coursework in Urban Studies from Portland State University. He has lectured and taught at different universities, and has over 200 built design projects, including many with innovative LID features, such as green roofs, green streets, bioretention planters, pervious pavement and stormwater art.
Kurt Lango is a founding partner of Lango Hansen Landscape Architects, and a LEED accredited professional. He has 25 years of experience in public facilitation, planning, and interpretive and sustainable design. Having worked extensively with public-private partnerships and multi-disciplinary teams, he brings outstanding design and management skills to complex projects. Kurt has served on numerous art juries, lectured widely and acted as a visiting professor at Portland State University and the University of Oregon. He strongly believes in the power of landscapes to strengthen a place’s identity and engage residents’ and visitors’ sense of community.
Aditya Ranade is a Senior Analyst on the Lux Research Intelligence team leading the Sustainable Building Materials and the Efficient Building Systems services. His other areas of expertise include solar photovoltaic energy, advanced polymeric materials, and next generation agriculture technologies. He has authored reports on building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV), sustainable architectural coatings, and global green building hotspots.
Before joining Lux Research, Aditya obtained his MBA in Global Management (Magna Cum Laude) from Babson College. During his MBA he consulted for Fortune 500 companies like Air Products and various start-ups in the U.S., India, and Norway. During his MBA he also interned with Flagship Ventures, identifying and analyzing opportunities in energy storage and water usage in agriculture. He was also the founder and President of the Babson General Management Club.
Prior to business school, Aditya was a Sr. Research Engineer with Saint-Gobain, where he developed novel encapsulant, frontsheet and backsheet products for crystalline silicon and flexible CIGS based solar PV modules. He set up Saint-Gobain’s Solar PV testing and characterization facilities at the Northborough R&D center. He also developed safety protocols for handling nanomaterials. Before joining Saint-Gobain, Aditya obtained his Ph.D. (Macromolecular Science) from Case Western Reserve University. His Ph.D. research focused on the nano-engineering of polymer layers to control their photonic bandgap properties. He has co-authored 10 peer-reviewed publications and an invited book chapter. During his Ph.D., Aditya also completed coursework in other emerging technology areas such as drug delivery and nanotechnology for electronics. He also holds a B.E. in Engineering from the University of Pune, India.
Anne Whiston Spirn is an award-winning author and distinguished landscape architect, photographer, teacher, and scholar. Her work is devoted to promoting life-sustaining communities: places that are functional, sustainable, meaningful, and artful, places that help people feel and understand the relationship of the natural and built worlds.
Spirn, a professor of landscape architecture and planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is the author of three books: The Granite Garden; The Language of Landscape; and Daring to Look. The Granite Garden: Urban Nature and Human Design (1984) describes nature in cities and what the city could be like if designed in concert with natural processes, rather than in ignorance of them or in outright opposition. The Language of Landscape (1998), extends these ideas; it argues that landscape is a form of language with its own grammar and metaphors, and that we endanger ourselves by failing to learn and use this language. Daring to Look (2008) presents photographs and reports from the field by the great photographer Dorothea Lange in 1939 and reflects on how the dynamics she saw and recorded in the Great Depression are still shaping American lives and landscapes. Spirn has also written a series of essays that explore how ideas of nature and community have influenced great planners and designers such as Frederick Law Olmsted, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Ian McHarg. Since 1987, Spirn has directed the West Philadelphia Landscape Project, an action research program integrating research, teaching and community service, which was cited as a Model of Best Practice at a 1999 White House summit for leading scholars and artists in public life. Spirn’s book-in-progress, Top-Down/Bottom-Up: Rebuilding the Landscape of Community, describes this research-in-action and its lessons for building safer, healthier, and more equitable and sustainable communities.
In the 1970s, Spirn worked as a landscape architect and planner in professional practice at Wallace McHarg Roberts and Todd in Philadelphia on projects ranging from plans for an entire region to a single city to designs for parks. Several of these won awards, and some, like Woodlands, Texas and Sanibel, Florida, are considered landmarks. Spirn was on the faculty of Harvard University from 1979 to 1986, then moved to the University of Pennsylvania, where she succeeded Ian McHarg as chairman of the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning. She has been at MIT since 2000. In addition to teaching, Spirn lectures widely in the US and abroad at colleges and universities, as a keynote speaker at conferences, and for organizations like the League of Women Voters.
Spirn was born in Waterbury, Connecticut, grew up in Cincinnati, Ohio, and lived in Denmark for a year as an American Field Service exchange student. She graduated with honors from Radcliffe College, where she studied art history, and received her master’s degree in landscape architecture from the University of Pennsylvania. She has received numerous fellowships and awards including the Guggenheim Fellowship and the President’s Award of Excellence from the American Society of Landscape Architects. Her work as a whole has been honored on two occasions. In 2002, she was one of two finalists for the National Design Award in environmental design. In 2001, she received the International Cosmos Prize for “contributions to the harmonious coexistence of nature and mankind.”
Spirn has one adult son. She and her husband live near Boston.
Shawn Sullivan has been a registered Architect in the State or Oregon for over thirty year who manages the assemblage of the design and construction teams; including Land Use, environmental analysis, hard and soft cost Performa development, and cost control for Winkler Development Corporation. Mr. Sullivan has managed over 500 million dollars of development from site selection through construction completion and warranty.