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Gentrification and displacement have been long-standing concerns in Portland. In response, the community set a goal for increased equity through the Portland Plan.
The Portland Plan sets an expectation that an equitable city should be proactive about the inequitable impacts that neighborhood change and gentrification can have on vulnerable households. Specifically, it called for approaches to help evaluate and better manage potential gentrification impacts of new policies and programs.
As part of efforts to evaluate potential gentrification impacts, the Bureau of Planning and Sustainability (BPS) contracted with Dr. Lisa Bates to prepare a paper on how to assess vulnerability of different neighborhoods to increased gentrification pressure. Although gentrification can also have impacts on businesses or commercial space, this research focuses on the risks for residential displacement. This paper also includes a review of national best practices, including policy tools and programs that Portland could use to mitigate gentrification.
This paper is the starting point for raising questions and a community discussion about what the City of Portland can do about gentrification.
An analysis of vulnerability, one of the three components of an assessment tool that operationalize the conceptual definition of gentrification and displacement risk
Complete report of the study on gentrification and displacement
Shows specific combinations of vulnerability, demographic change and changes in the housing market
Individual maps that detail existing vulnerabilities, changes to demographic characteristics and changes to housing values during the study period
Study summary and listing of best practices
Excerpt from Comprehensive Plan Working Draft, Housing Chapter
Powerpoint presentation on preliminary gentrification study mapping, given at the September 20, 2012 meeting.