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City of Portland



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11.10.030 General Rules For Reading and Applying the Code Language.

A.  Reading and applying the code. When a conflict arises as a result of a particular tree situation spanning multiple chapters, the more specific provisions take precedence. When the conflict cannot be resolved by the more specific provision, the requirement that results in retaining the existing tree will prevail, except in cases where the public safety is jeopardized.

B.  Terms.

1.  Defining words. Words used in this Title have their dictionary meaning unless they are defined in Chapter 11.80, Definitions and Measurements. Words listed in the Definitions chapter have the specific meaning stated, unless the context clearly indicates another meaning.

2.  Tenses and usage.

a.  Words used in the singular include the plural. The reverse is also true.

b.  Words used in the present tense include the future tense. The reverse is also true.

c.  The words "shall," "will," and "may not" are mandatory.

d.  "May" is permissive.

e.  "Prohibited" means that a particular activity is in violation of this Title.

f.  When used with numbers, "At least x," "Up to x," "Not more than x" and "a maximum of x" all include x.

3.  Conjunctions. Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following conjunctions have the following meanings:

a.  "And" indicates that all connected items or provisions apply;

b.  "Either...or" indicates that the connected items or provisions apply singly, but not in combination.

4.  Lists. Lists of items that state "including the following," "such as" or similar language are not limited to just those items. The lists are intended to provide examples, but not to be exhaustive of all possibilities.