A. Horse-drawn carriage rides must not be initiated nor continued when the ambient temperature is greater than 90 degrees Fahrenheit, or when the combination of temperature and humidity exceeds current Carriage Operators of North America (CONA) standards.
B. When the temperature exceeds 90 degrees Fahrenheit, or the combination of temperature and humidity exceeds current CONA standards, the carriage driver will end the ride and return the horse to the home boarding facility or pasture by the least-strenuous and shortest safe route possible, providing rest and shelter as required.
C. When the temperature is between 84 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit, no carriage ride will be initiated if the local weather forecast predicts temperatures to rise over 90 degrees Fahrenheit during the time for which the ride is scheduled, or within the time allowed for the trip back to the boarding facility.
D. When conducting horse-drawn carriage rides when the temperature is between 78 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit, the driver will monitor respiratory rate, heart rate and temperature of the horse every hour. Horses exceeding the following resting parameters should immediately undergo cooling measures, then be brought to the stable for rest, and not worked for the remainder of that day:
1. Respiratory rate > 36 breaths per minute after 1 minute;
2. Temperature > 103 degrees;
3. Heart rate > 52 beats per minute after 1 minute recovery time.
E. Horses must be provided with a blanket for dryness and warmth when appropriate.
F. Owners, operators and drivers of a horse-drawn carriage will monitor the condition of each horse and will not allow a horse to work when there are signs of exhaustion, dehydration, sickness, disease, injury or severe stress.
G. No stallions, no mares with unweaned foals, and no pregnant mares at gestation greater than 9 months shall be used as carriage horses.
H. The towing weight of the horse-drawn carriage may not exceed the weight of the horse.
I. Tie ropes used around the neck or attaching to the halter shall be carried on all horse-drawn carriages. No horse shall be tied using the bridle, bit or reins.
J. No animal shall work pulling a horse-drawn carriage for more than 5 hours in a 24 hour period, nor more than 5 days in any given week.
K. Each horse will be given at least a 10 minute rest period at the end of each hour of work. The horse must be provided ready access to clean drinking water during each break, and must be allowed at reasonable intervals to consume food and water during the workday.
L. Stables or other boarding facilities must be sanitary. Stables and stalls must be in good repair, well-ventilated, and free of hazards and debris.
M. Horses must be turned out for at least one hour per day. Adequate turn-out facilities include dry paddocks, runs, or pastures of dimensions equal to or greater than 12 feet by 24 feet.