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Police Bureau

Sworn to protect. Dedicated to serve.

Phone: 503-823-0000

Fax: 503-823-0342

Non-Emergency: 503-823-3333

1111 S.W. 2nd Avenue, Portland, OR 97204

1020.00 Firearms

1020.00, Firearms

 

Definitions:

  • Ammunition: Projectiles, along with their fuses and primers, that can be fired from a firearm.

 

  • Bureau armorer: A person who has successfully completed armorer training in the weapons systems currently used by Operations Branch personnel, and is designated as a Bureau Armorer by the Training Division (Training).

 

  • Carbine maintenance inspection: Done by a Carbine Instructor (or approved armorer) to determine that the carbine is clean, lubricated, not damaged, or altered beyond Training’s approved modifications.

 

  • During a carbine safety function check, a member will describe and demonstrate the function and safety features of the Bureau approved carbine as well as the is­suance and field deployment procedures.

 

  • Certified carbine instructor (CCI): A person who has successfully completed the Bureau Carbine Instructor School and is currently designated as a Carbine Instruc­tor by Training.

 

  • Certified firearms instructor (CFI): A person who has successfully completed the Bureau Firearms Instructor School and is currently designated as a Firearms Instructor by Training.

 

  • Cold qualification: A successful attempt at shooting a passing score of 75 points or more on the Bureau approved Handgun Qualification Course (HQC), 75 points or more on the Secondary Handgun Qualification Course (SHQC), or 75 points or more on the Shotgun Qualification Course (SQC), without prior attempts or practice shots within the preceding 12 hours.

 

  • A member is conditionally qualified when, after failing on the first attempt, he/she achieves a passing score on the second attempt (primary sidearm only). This condition requires remedial firearms training from a CFI and a successful cold qualification within 21 days after firing the conditionally qualified score. There is no conditionally qualified provision for off-duty sidearms.

 

  • Firearms training: Instruction received from a Bureau CFI or CCI for the purpose of skill enhancement. This may also include instructors from outside the Bureau who contract with the Bureau to provide approved firearms training. Training will be responsible for the approval of non-Bureau instructors.

 

  • Handgun maintenance inspection: Conducted by a CFI, or approved armorer, to determine if the handgun is clean, lubricated, not damaged, or altered beyond Training’s approved modifications.

 

  • Precinct armorer: A person who has successfully completed armorer training in the weapons systems currently used by Operations Branch personnel, and is designated as a precinct armorer by Training and the precinct commander.

 

  • Primary sidearm: A Bureau approved sidearm carried on duty as the basic firearm to be used in deadly force situations.

 

  • Secondary sidearm: A Bureau approved sidearm that is carried in a concealed manner as a backup firearm to be used in deadly force situations when the primary sidearm is rendered unavailable, inoperable or empty.

 

  • During a shotgun safety function check a member will describe and demonstrate the function and safety features of the Bureau approved shotgun as well as the is­suance and field deployment procedures.

 

Policy:

1.  The use of firearms is controlled by DIR 1010.10, Deadly Physical Force.

Procedure:

1.  Qualification: 

1.1.  Training Division Responsibilities:

1.1.1.  Arrange tri-annual qualifications by establishing times and locations for each RU print and distribute a Qualification Special Order no later than three weeks (21 days) prior to the start of the qualification range. Qualification ranges will be conducted during the winter, spring, and fall (generally beginning in January, May, and September respectively).

1.1.2.  Print and distribute a Not Yet Qualified Report at the beginning of the open range (time during the last two weeks of the qualification period).

1.1.3.  At the conclusion of the qualification range, publish and distribute a Not Qualified report. After this date, a non-qualified member can neither work in an armed capacity, nor have contact with the public.

1.1.4.  Be responsible for maintaining all members’ qualification records.

1.1.5.  The Bureau approved carbine is a personally issued weapon and only members who have been certified and issued a carbine will qualify with the carbine. Training will print and distribute a list to the RU’s of members who are currently qualified with the carbine.

1.1.6.  When notified by Personnel Division (Personnel) that a sworn member has returned from Leave of Service (LOS), ensure that he/she is in compliance with firearms qualification requirements.

1.2.  Personnel Division Responsibilities: 

1.2.1.  Notify Training when sworn members have returned from LOS.

1.3.  RU Managers Responsibilities:

1.3.1.  Ensure that sworn members who are off-duty and unable to complete a qualifying score during a designated qualification range, for whatever reason, qualify immediately (prior to contact with the public) upon return­ing to duty.

1.3.2.  May excuse staff and undercover officers from carrying sidearms and/or extra ammunition if these items are not appropriate for the assignment. These exceptions, however, should be kept to a minimum.

1.3.3.  May exempt members from qualifications based on their physical condi­tion (with a physician’s written excuse), current job assignment (unarmed, no contact with the public), or other exceptional circumstances. Exemp­tions must be given in writing with a copy forwarded to the Training manager.

1.3.4.  RU managers with long guns assigned to their RU will have a Weapons Storage & Issuance Procedures SOP that details security measures taken at the RU to ensure safe and secure storage for both shotguns and car­bines.

1.4.  Primary Sidearms:

1.4.1.  Only CFI’s are authorized to conduct official qualification courses (for record) and firearms training.

1.4.2.  Sworn members are required to qualify at a Training approved firearms qualification range. These members will have their sidearm(s) inspected by a CFI, or armorer, prior to firing each weapon for qualification, and prior to being authorized to carry each firearm.

1.4.3.  Sworn members will fire the 50-round handgun qualification course in its entirety with their primary sidearm.

1.4.4.  If a sworn member fails to shoot a cold qualifying score on the first at­tempt, a second attempt on the same course must be scored. Members who successfully fire a qualifying score on the second attempt will be conditionally qualified. This condition will require remedial training as designated by Training and a successful cold qualification within three (3) weeks (21 days) after firing the conditionally qualified score. RU managers will ensure their unit members adhere to this.

1.4.5.  If a sworn member fails to shoot a cold qualifying score on the second attempt (attempt to conditionally qualify) he/she must notify their im­mediate supervisor as soon as possible, at which time the member will be immediately reassigned to administrative duties where contact with the public is unlikely. Reassignment and mandatory remedial firearms training by a CFI will be arranged by the member’s supervisor.

1.4.6.  After the member receives mandatory remedial firearms training, the member will have an opportunity to fire a qualification course for score (record). Members who fire a qualifying score will be conditionally quali­fied and will be required to qualify cold within three weeks (21 days).

1.4.7.  If a member fails to qualify cold within 21 days after the first failed attempt the member’s RU manager will direct a memorandum to the member’s Branch chief. The memorandum will document all training and qualifica­tion attempts and will recommend a course of action.

1.4.8.  During tri-annual qualification ranges, SERT members may qualify with their primary sidearms during SERT training days and forward their qualification documentation to Training.

1.5.  Secondary Sidearm:

1.5.1.  Members who carry a secondary sidearm must qualify with it during every range qualification, firing a 25-round handgun qualification course.

1.6.  Duty Sidearms:

1.6.1.  The standard trigger pull weight of the Glock semi-auto pistol will not be modified by the use of non-Glock parts of target type 31/2-pound connec­tors.

1.6.2.  Non-factory sights, such as high visibility or night-sights, are authorized at the member’s expense. Lasers are not authorized.

1.6.3.  Slip-on or adhesive-type grips that are of a non-permanent nature are authorized at the member’s expense.

1.6.4.  Members may have the following Glock factory parts installed by a CFI, extended slide stop lever, extended magazine release, and a +2 magazine floor plate. Only Glock factory parts will be used in the sidearm. The slide, frame or internal parts of the sidearm will not be modified in any way, except in the course of repair.

1.6.5.  All Glock sidearms carried on duty will be black in color.

1.7.  Shotgun:

1.7.1.  All officers and sergeants assigned to the Operations Branch and the Tacti­cal Operations Division will fire the shotgun qualification course at the tri-annual qualification ranges. All other officers, sergeants, detectives, and command staff will qualify once per year at the Winter Range. Members must qualify with the make, model, and style of shotgun he/she wishes to carry. Example: Remington 870 with flashlight forend.

1.7.2.  All sworn members must successfully perform a shotgun function check. Those who do not successfully demonstrate the function check must do so within 30 days. It will be the responsibility of the RU manager to ensure that all sworn members in their command meet this requirement. Docu­mentation of a successful performance must be forwarded to Training.

1.7.3.  Members must fire a minimum score of 75 points on the shotgun qualifi­cation course. 

1.7.4.  Sworn members who have not yet attended the Bureau’s basic academy or the Advanced Academy are exempt from the function check requirement. However, while a member is attending either academy it is a requirement that he/she become proficient with the shotgun and must successfully qualify and perform the function check prior to graduation.

1.8.  Carbine:

1.8.1.  Sworn members who have successfully completed AR-15 training, and who have been issued an AR-15 carbine, will qualify with their issued weapon during all qualification ranges.

1.8.2.  Prior to carrying an AR-15 carbine, members must fire a minimum score of 90 points on the AR-15 carbine qualification courses.

1.8.3.  Members who are AR-15 certified and have been issued a carbine who fail to successfully perform the carbine safety function check, or who fail to qualify with a minimum score of 90 points are to be considered not qualified, and are not authorized to carry an AR-15. Members who are in a not qualified status must re-qualify cold within five days, and successfully perform the carbine safety function check within five days. Members who fail to qualify cold within five days, or who fail to successfully perform the function check, may have their issued AR-15 recalled at the discretion of the Training manager.

1.9.  Pregnancy Qualifications:

1.9.1.  Sworn members, who are pregnant, under the advice of their physician, may elect to qualify using Training’s alternative qualification program. The alternate course of fire consists of 25 rounds of lead free ammunition, firing a noise-suppressed pistol.

1.10.   Qualification Documentation:

1.10.1.  CFI’s are responsible for the completion and distribution of the Firearms Qualifi­cation Record, which certifies the member’s name, Bureau I.D., weapon(s) descrip­tion (including serial number, make, model, barrel length, and caliber), score(s), and date of qualification. The white copy will be forwarded to Training; members will receive the pink copy for their personal records, and a yellow copy for their field 201 file.

2.  Firearms Standards:

2.1.  Primary Sidearm:

2.1.1.  Sworn members, while on duty and working in uniform or in plainclothes, will carry one Bureau authorized primary sidearm. In addition, all members are required to carry their primary sidearm holstered while on duty. Fanny pack holsters not specifically designed to secure a gun are not authorized. Members working in uni­form are required to use the standard Bureau issued holster specified by Training; however, the Chief of Police can authorize individual waivers after receiving a writ­ten request through channels from a member. If a waiver is granted, the requesting member is responsible for the purchase, repair, maintenance, and replacement of the non-issued holster.

2.1.2.  While in uniform, members are authorized to carry:

2.1.2.1.  Glock 17, 9mm parabellum.

2.1.2.2.  Glock 19, 9mm parabellum.

2.1.3.  While in a plain-clothes assignment, members are authorized to carry:

2.1.3.1.  Glock 17, 9mm parabellum.

2.1.3.2.  Glock 19, 9mm parabellum.

2.1.3.3.  Glock 26, 9mm parabellum.

2.2.  Secondary Sidearm:

2.2.1.  The sidearm must be a double action revolver, or a semi-automatic pistol. Additionally, the revolver or pistol must have a minimum capacity of at least five rounds. The revolver or pistol must be at least a .380 acp caliber, and cannot exceed 9mm parabellum. The ammunition should adhere to the same standards outlined for primary sidearms. Magnum ammunition or reloaded ammunition is not authorized for duty use in secondary side­arms.

2.2.2.  Secondary sidearms will be carried in a holster and will be carried in a concealed manner.

2.3.  Shotgun:

2.3.1.  Personally owned shotguns are not authorized for duty use by members. Generally, shotguns are precinct armory issued and stored, and are for use by qualified members.

2.3.2.  The shotgun will be loaded and secured in a locking mount of a vehicle after ensuing the action is closed on an empty chamber, safety on, and the hammer is in the cocked position.

2.3.3.  If a shotgun is to be carried for potential use in a vehicle that is not equipped with a locking mount the shotgun will be transported in a safe manner, with the action closed on an empty chamber, safety on, and the hammer in the cocked position.

2.3.4.  Members are required to exercise due caution at all times while loading, unloading, and transporting shotguns. Safety is paramount, and members will be held to the strictest of standards regarding weapons handling safety.

2.3.5.  At no time will the routine loading or unloading of a shotgun occur inside a precinct or office.

2.3.6.  If a vehicle that is equipped with a shotgun is towed, parked in a service garage, or left unattended for any extended period of time the shotgun will be returned to the precinct armory. If electrical or mechanical failure renders the shotgun lock inoperable, the vehicle will be placed in the most secure facility available at the precinct and a morning relief supervisor will be notified in writing of the need to remove the shotgun.

2.3.7.  Vehicles left unattended for short periods of time will be locked when a shotgun is secured in the locking mount. Shotguns will be locked in the trunk of unattended vehicles that do not have locking mounts.

2.3.8.  Supervisors will be responsible for securing shotguns for members who have been injured or are unable to return the shotguns to the armory.

2.4.  Carbine:

2.4.1.  Personally owned rifles and/or carbines are not authorized for duty use by members. AR-15 carbines will be individually issued and individually maintained.

2.4.2.  The AR-15 will routinely be carried with a yellow safety block inserted into the magazine well and the action locked open, with the safety in the on position.

2.4.3.  Members are required to exercise due caution at all times while loading, unloading, and transporting carbines. Safety is paramount and members will be held to the strictest of standards regarding weapons handling safety.

2.4.4.  At no time will routine loading or unloading of a carbine occur inside of a precinct or office.

2.4.5.  If a vehicle has an AR-15 in it and it is towed, parked in a service garage, or left unattended for any extended period of time, the carbine will be returned to the precinct armory.

2.4.6.  Vehicles left unattended for a short period of time will be locked when a carbine is secured in a locking mount. AR-15 carbines will be locked in the trunk of unattended vehicles that do not have locking mounts.

2.4.7.  Supervisors will be responsible for securing carbines for members who have been injured or are unable to return the carbines to the armory.

2.5.  Ammunition:

2.5.1.  The only ammunition authorized for use in primary, secondary, shotguns, and non-SERT long guns is ammunition that has been issued or approved by Train­ing.

2.5.1.1.  Blank cartridges of the type that produce a muzzle blast, or escaping gas from the muzzle of a firearm, will not be used in any training exercise when there is a possibility of firing a blank at a person who is closer than 12 feet away.

2.5.1.2.  Simmunition FX cartridges will not be used in any training exercise until all members present are properly outfitted with appropriate safety equip­ment, and safety officer(s) are present. Training will establish a Marking Cartridge Protocol S.O.P.

2.5.1.3.  Members are required to carry the following number of extra cartridges for the primary sidearm while on duty:

2.5.1.3.1.  While in uniform, members are required to carry at least two maga­zines in addition to the magazine in the pistol.

2.5.1.3.2.  While in a plainclothes assignment, members are required to carry at least one magazine in addition to the magazine in the pistol.

2.5.1.4.  00 buckshot ammunition is the standard carry load for Bureau shotguns. Shotgun qualified members are authorized to have rifled slug ammunition, however, the use of rifled slugs require the authorization of a supervi­sor.

2.6.  Modifications:

2.6.1.  Training must approve all modifications to duty sidearms, shotguns, and AR-15 carbines.

2.7.  Shotguns:

2.7.1.  For ends with internal flashlights are authorized at the individual precinct’s expense.

2.7.2.  Slip-on butt-stock shell carriers are authorized and can be purchased either by the precinct or individual members.

2.7.3.  Side-saddle type shell carriers that attach to the receiver of the shotgun are authorized and are purchased at the precinct’s expense.

2.8.  AR-15 Carbines:

2.8.1.  Members will not alter or modify AR-15 carbines issued by the Bureau without written authorization from the Training manager.

2.9.  Acquisition, Issuance and Storage of Equipment:

2.9.1.  Weapons, ammunition and handcuffs that are sold or issued to members by the Bureau will be used solely by the receiving member. The purchase or receipt of issued property for the purpose of resale or gift giving is prohibited.

2.10.  Sidearms:

2.10.1.  Primary duty sidearms (Glock pistols) will be issued to all newly hired sworn members on their date of hire. Additionally, regular and Reserve officers (who have completed background checks) may acquire certain Bureau approved weapons and handcuffs from Training.

2.10.2.  Retiring members whose duty firearm was issued by the City have the option of purchasing that firearm at the original price paid by the City, plus any applicable Federal Excise Tax (FET).

2.10.3.  Reserve officers who request to purchase a weapon through the Bureau are required to have the Reserve Coordinator forward an interoffice memo, through channels, to Training. The memo will state that a background check has been completed on the Reserve officer and will specify the exact weapon(s) to be purchased.

2.10.4.  Requests by members to purchase a firearm for duty use from an outside vendor may request a letter from the Training Firearms Sergeant. The letter will comply with all state and federal requirements.

2.11.  Shotgun:

2.11.1.  The Training manager is responsible for controlling the Bureau’s inven­tory of shotguns, including allocations, inspections, and maintenance.

2.11.2.  RU managers are responsible for the security, inventory, storage, issuance, cleaning, and inspection of shotguns that are assigned to their RU.

2.11.3.  RU managers, with the assistance of Training, will establish an inspection protocol for the shotguns within their RU. This inspection will include, but is not limited to:

2.11.3.1.  Cleanliness of the weapon.

2.11.3.2.  Proper lubrication.

2.11.3.3.  Damage or unauthorized modifications or alterations.

2.11.3.4.  Serial number verification.

2.11.4.  When not in use, all shotguns will be unloaded and stored with the actions open and safety on.

2.11.5.  A Shotgun Issue Log (Precinct/Division Equipment) will be maintained to record the daily issue and check-in of shotguns.

2.11.6.  After acquiring a shotgun from the armory, the member is responsible for ensuring that the weapon is functioning properly.

2.11.7.  Non-uniformed sworn members may check out shotguns from a precinct with the permission of a precinct supervisor.

2.11.8.  The only ammunition carried in or on the shotgun will be Bureau is­sued.

2.11.9.  Supervisors will monitor issuance procedures.

2.11.10. Under certain circumstances supervisors may require qualified members to carry a shotgun.

2.12.  Carbine:

2.12.1.  The Training manager is responsible for controlling the Bureau’s inven­tory of all non-SERT AR-15 carbines, including allocations, inspections, and maintenance.

2.12.2.  RU managers are responsible for the security, inventory, storage, and inspection of carbines that are assigned to personnel within their RU.

2.12.3.  RU managers, with the assistance of Training, will establish an inspec­tion protocol for the AR-15 carbines within their RU. This inspection will include, but not be limited to:

2.12.3.1.  Cleanliness of the weapon.

2.12.3.2.  Proper lubrication.

2.12.3.3.  Damage or unauthorized modifications or alterations.

2.12.3.4.  Serial number verification.

2.12.4.  When not in use, all AR-15’s will be unloaded and stored with an issued yellow colored magazine well / bolt hold open block, action open, safety on.

2.12.5.  Members, when checking out their issued AR-15 from the armory or se­cure storage area, will conduct a function check to ensure his/her AR-15 is functioning properly.

2.12.6.  The only ammunition carried in or on the AR-15 will be Bureau issued or approved by Training.

2.12.7.  Supervisors will monitor issuance procedures.

2.13.  Firearms Cleaning and Maintenance:

2.13.1.  A properly maintained firearm is essential to ensure weapon efficiency, reliability, accuracy, and officer safety.

2.13.2.  After discharging a firearm on duty for qualifications, training, practice, or in the official course of duty, members will be provided with adequate opportunity to thoroughly clean their firearm(s) in a manner consistent with Bureau standards. Supervisors will ensure that this occurs prior to the end of the member’s shift, or before the commencement of his/her next regular shift or duties.

2.13.3.  When weapons become contaminated, fouled, thoroughly wet, or dirty while on-duty, members will clean the firearm as soon as possible, or prior to the end of the shift, whichever is first. Training will be responsible for providing gun-cleaning equipment in the Justice Center range. Precinct commanders are responsible for providing gun-cleaning equipment at the precinct.

2.13.4.  RU managers will be responsible for ensuring that his/her assigned members are provided with the opportunity to comply with the firearms cleaning and maintenance section of this DIR.

3.  Responsibility, Accountability, and Control:

3.1.  The Training manager will be responsible to ensure that the provisions of this DIR are followed through the process of approval and review of training lessons, techniques, and procedures used by Training. RU managers will be responsible to ensure that the provisions of this DIR are followed within his/her RU.