DRAFT February 10, 1998
City of Portland, Oregon
City of Portland
Office of Transportation
|Office of Transportation||Bureau of Fire, Rescue and Emergency Services|
|Charlie Hales, Commissioner-in-Charge
Victor F. Rhodes, Director, Office of Transportation
Steve Dotterrer, Chief Transportation Planner
|Gretchen Kafoury, Commissioner-in
Robert Wall, Chief, Bureau of Fire, Rescue and Emergency Services
Matthew Aho, Hollywood Neighborhood (formerly of Bridlemile)
Mary Devlin, Laurelhurst Neighborhood
Ron Hernandez, Friends of Cathedral Park
Rebecca Robbins, Sunnyside Neighborhood
Gregg Swanson, Foster-Powell Neighborhood
Chris Wrench, Northwest District Association
Jennifer Young, Parkrose Neighborhood
Technical Advisory Committee
|Office of Transportation||Bureau of Fire, Rescue and Emergency Services|
|Monique Wahba, Project Manager
John Gillam, Project Supervisor
Cece Noel, Public Involvement
Traffic Calming Program
Crysttal Atkins, Project Manager
Ellis McCoy, Program Manager
|Ed Wilson, Division Chief |
Patty Rueter, Planning Specialist
District 3 Battalion Chief Traffic Liaisons
D. Notice of Open Houses
E. Public Comments ( To be inserted after the public open houses)
The City of Portland is committed to providing a transportation system that both protects the safety and livability of residential neighborhoods and responds to emergency service needs. The Transportation Element of the Comprehensive Plan includes transportation policies and street classifications designed to carry out these and other transportation objectives.
- policy language to address the need for prompt emergency response,
- criteria for selecting emergency response streets,
- emergency response street classification descriptions, and
- enforcement recommendations.
- a new emergency response policy,
- a revised traffic calming policy,
- a new emergency response classification description,
- a new emergency response street map,
- a revised implementation section on emergency response
- a new definition of "emergency response vehicles"
- a new definition of "opticom"
- a new definition of "traffic calming"
- a new definition of "traffic slowing devices"
Major Emergency Response Streets are intended to serve primarily the longer, most direct legs of emergency response trips.
Design treatments on Major Emergency Response Streets should enhance mobility for emergency response vehicles by employing preferential treatments such as opticom.
Minor Emergency Response Streets are intended to serve primarily the shorter legs of emergency response trips.
Minor Emergency Response Streets are designed and operated to provide access to individual properties.
- Eligibility of streets for traffic slowing devices.
- Traffic classifications.
- Location of fire stations.
- Emergency Response Vehicles
- Vehicles employed in responding to emergencies. Examples of emergency
response vehicles include fire apparatus, ambulances, and police cars.
- A signal preemption system for emergency response vehicles.
- Explanation: These terms are used in the new emergency response classification descriptions and are therefore defined for general understanding.
- Roadway design strategies to reduce vehicle speeds and volumes. Traffic calming measures include, but are not limited to, traffic slowing devices. Examples of other traffic calming measures are traffic diverters, curb extensions, and medians.
- Traffic Slowing Devices
- Traffic Slowing Devices
- Devices employed by the Traffic Calming Program that slow emergency response vehicles as well as general traffic. The only currently used devices considered traffic slowing devices are speed bumps and traffic circles.
- Explanation: These definitions differentiate between traffic calming and traffic slowing devices. The former relates to the comprehensive list of traffic calming devices. The latter refers specifically to those devices that delay emergency response vehicles.
Emergency Response Implementation
Below is staff's recommendation to replace the portion of the existing implementation section B(2) of the Transportation Element that deals with emergency response. Additions are shown in underline and deletions with a
Local Service Street traffic problems should be reviewed by City staff and referred to the Neighborhood Traffic Management Program, where appropriate. Significant modifications to Local Service Street operations such as those resulting from NTMP projects should be reviewed by emergency service providers. Reasonable emergency vehicle access and circulation should be maintained on Local Service Streets. Care should be taken when modifying the operations of Local Service Streets that serve as primary response routes for emergency vehicles. If such modifications result in a significant increase in response time over a significant geographic area, mitigation should be provided. Such mitigation could take the form of improvements or operational modifications that reduce response time on alternative routes or create new emergency response routes.Streets rendered ineligible for traffic slowing devices by their designation as Major Emergency Response Streets should be given higher priority for nonengineered solutions to problems of excessive speed, i.e., education and targeted traffic enforcement, than streets eligible for traffic slowing devices.Three street segments have been identified as Major Emergency Response Streets that currently have traffic slowing devices. These street segments are: NE 15th, between Broadway and Prescott; SW Sunset, between Capitol and Dosch; and SW Shattuck, between Hamilton and Thomas. The Fire Bureau and the Office of Transportation agree to retain the slowing devices on these streets. However, these streets will not be eligible for additional traffic slowing devices in the future.
The Traffic Calming Program, the Fire Bureau, and the Police Bureau will continue to cooperatively address problems of excessive speeds and volumes on residential streets. This will include, but not be limited to, the evaluation of all new traffic slowing devices to determine their impact on emergency response providers and the development of cooperative educational programs.
Explanation: These revisions provide direction regarding the treatment of streets rendered ineligible for traffic slowing devices, the treatment of streets designated as Major Emergency Response Streets with existing traffic slowing devices, and the role of various bureaus in traffic calming project development and education.
- Assign streets no longer eligible for traffic slowing devices higher
priority for increased enforcement and education measures.
- Have the Police Bureau and the Bureau of Traffic Management work cooperatively on the problem of speeding on neighborhood streets.
Explanation: Designation of Major and Minor Emergency Response Streets was a joint effort between the Transportation and Fire Bureaus considering first, policy direction and second, operational and programmatic needs. The classification designations offer clarity and certainty to both bureaus as well as the public about streets' eligibility for traffic slowing devices.
However, because of the designation of Major Emergency Response Streets, several streets will lose their current eligibility for traffic slowing devices. Staff recommends the City address this issue by assigning affected streets higher priority for increased enforcement and education measures. Staff also recommends that the Police Bureau and the Bureau of Traffic Management work cooperatively on the problem of speeding on neighborhood streets.
To See Map of
Emergency Response Routes Click Here. ( 30 min? load
Draft List of Primary Response Streets
Appendix A: Emergency Response Classification Study Work Plan
|Meeting Date & Location||Meeting Goals|
|#1: 8/13, Portland Bldg, 746||Introduce CAC to staff and to one another. Review goals of the study, role of CAC members and staff, final product, work plan, and timeline.|
|#2: 8/27, Portland Bldg, 746||Review conflict resolution guidance to establish ground rules. Panel presentation by staff on transportation policy, traffic calming, and emergency operations to inform CAC decisions.|
|Field Trip: 9/3, Fire Station 41||Give CAC first hand exposure to emergency response and traffic calming issues.|
|#3: 9/10, Portland Bldg, 746||Debrief field trip to identify study issues.|
|#4: 9/24, Mt Scott Community Center||Identify criteria for a good solution. Focus on the limited area of disagreement between the fire bureau and the traffic calming program: present CAC with a preliminary emergency response classification scheme; present a map showing city streets currently ineligible for traffic slowing. Establish visitor guidelines. Finalize article for neighborhood newsletters.|
|#5: 10/8, Fire Training Center||Explain how policy translates into implementation. Suggest preliminary policy language. Develop criteria for a good solution statements.|
|#6: 10/22, W Baptist Seminary||Agree on number of policies to deal with the issue. Explain traffic calming exercise. Discuss principles for emergency response streets.|
|#7: 11/5, Multnomah Center||Debrief traffic calming exercise. Provide information about why the city does traffic calming. Finalize criteria statements.|
|#8: 11/19, Applegate School, 7650 N Commercial||Agree on principles for emergency response classifications. Show map of proposed emergency response classifications, highlighting problem streets. Establish criteria for allowing slowing devices on neighborhood emergency response routes. Discuss public review process. Distribute proposed policy language.|
|#9: 12/10, Portland Bldg, 746||Refine emergency response map and decide upon two emergency response classifications or three. Discuss proposed policy language.|
|#10: 1/7, Portland Bldg, 746||Review public outreach plan. Review draft report outline. Discuss bin items for report appendix.|
|#11: 1/21, Portland Bldg, 746||Discuss enforcement measures with Police. Discuss draft report to Council.|
|#12: 2/4, Portland Bldg, 746||Finalize draft report prior to open houses. Review draft displays and materials for open houses. Open house preparatory training.|
|2/10||Planning Commission briefing.|
|2/18, 2/21, 2/25||Public open houses.|
|#13: 3/4, Portland Bldg, 746||Debrief open houses. Consider public comments for incorporation in report.|
|4/1||City Council Hearing|
We'll know we have a good Emergency Response Classification System if...
- The classification system allows for prompt emergency response while protecting residential streets from excessive speeds and volumes.
- The classification system is flexible enough to respond to changes over time, e.g. changes in density, technology, etc.
- The classification system is easily explained, defensible and usable.
- The classification system provides a hierarchy of emergency response routes.
- The classification system can be used for future system planning, e.g. for routing fire vehicles in an emergency, for siting future fire stations, for selecting Traffic Calming projects, for using signal preemption along selected emergency response corridors.
- The classification system meets the liability concerns of both the Fire Bureau and the Traffic Calming Program by providing an objective decision making process.
- The classification system is supportive of Region 2040 land use growth concepts.
- Continue to explore and test new technologies and devices to calm traffic on neighborhood streets that will not delay emergency vehicle response time.
- Recognize that other factors affect response time besides traffic slowing
devices. Include these factors, listed below, in a holistic approach to
solving speeding problems in the city:
- Enforcement: Support traffic enforcement efforts to reduce speeding on neighborhood streets, particularly on those streets no longer eligible for traffic slowing devices.
- Education: Promote education for all age groups which fosters
responsible driving behaviors. Education measures should be encouraged
particularly in areas where streets have become ineligible for traffic
- Work with community groups to bring traffic safety issues to the neighborhood level.
- Help create a non-profit organization to carry out and coordinate education efforts on traffic safety.
- Explore ISTEA funding for education projects related to traffic safety.
- Fire Station Siting: Be strategic in locating future fire stations, i.e. fire stations should be located at the intersection of two Major Emergency Response Streets, whenever possible.
- Transportation Efficiency: Support projects which improve the overall
movement of traffic citywide provided it does not conflict with other
Appendix E: Public Comments (To be inserted after the public open houses)