WHEN TO CALL 9-1-1
9-1-1 is appropriate for situations involving an immediate threat to life or property. This includes in-progress crimes, fire related incidents occurring now, and medical situations happening now. If your call does not fit this criterion, please call the Non-Emergency number.
KNOW THE LOCATION OF THE EMERGENCY
When you dial 9-1-1, knowing your location is vital to ensure police, fire, or medical help gets to you. Learn your compass directions, such as north, south, east, and west, as well. Narrowing down a location is vital for emergency responders. We use directions to describe where an incident is located (e.g., on 122nd south of Powell) or a specific direction (e.g., the suspect ran north on 122nd from Powell).
LIMITATIONS WITH CELL PHONES AND VoIP
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requires wireless carriers to provide the cell phone number and the caller's location for 9-1-1 calls within 100 meters 67% of the time and within 300 meters 90% of the time. This technology only provides general location information and does not include whether you are inside a structure, which floor you are on, etc.
VoIP phones will ring into a call center in Canada when you dial 9-1-1 if the VoIP service has not been set up for 9-1-1 service. The call center can typically transfer your call to the appropriate 9-1-1 center, but there is a delay involved. Speak with your service provider to ensure your VoIP service has been set up to ring in to your local 9-1-1 center. Don't forget to update your information if you move.
STAY CALM AND ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS
It is imperative that you stay calm and answer all of the Calltakers questions, quickly and concisely. 9-1-1 Calltakers are trained to get the most important information as quickly as possible to get help on the way to an emergency situation. Allow the Calltaker to ask you all the questions they need in order to get help there in the timeliest manner. The answers you provide are very important in helping the Calltaker understand the situation, then relay that information through the Dispatcher to the responding police, fire, or medical personnel.
TEXT-TO-911 IS AVAILBLE IN MULTNOMAH COUNTY
Text-to-911 is the ability to send a "short" text message (SMS) or other kind of text message to 9-1-1 from your mobile phone or device. However, you should always make a voice call to 9-1-1 during an emergency whenever possible. Text-to-911 is a useful for members of the community who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability. Use Text-to-911 if you find yourself in a situation in which a voice call to 9-1-1 may be dangerous or impossible. But you should always make a voice call to 9-1-1 if you are able to do so safely. Remember the motto:
Call if you can, text if you can't.
IF YOU DIAL 9-1-1, DO NOT HANG UP
If you accidentally or inadvertently dial 9-1-1, do NOT hang up. Stay on the line and tell the Calltaker that there is no emergency and you dialed 9-1-1 by mistake. This saves the Calltaker from having to call you back to find out if there is an emergency or not. In some cases, if they do not reach anyone, they may send police to check your address for an emergency. This process may take upwards of two minutes; that's two minutes someone else may have to wait on hold with a true emergency. Help prevent accident 9-1-1 calls by locking and storing your cell phone carefully.
TEACH YOUR CHILDREN HOW TO CALL 9-1-1
Be sure your children know what 9-1-1 is, how to dial 9-1-1 from your landline phone and cell phone, and to trust the 9-1-1 Calltaker. Be sure to that at least one phone in your home is easily accessible. When your child dials 9-1-1, they need to know their own name, their parents name(s), and most importantly, their address. Tell them to answer all of the 9-1-1 Calltakers questions and to stay on the phone until they are instructed to hang up. Keep an Emergency Contact List on the refrigerator. The list should contain the telephone numbers for 9-1-1 and Non-Emergency, your address including the City, parent’s names, parents cell phone numbers and work numbers, a neighbor’s name, address, and phone number, and an emergency contact such as, a family member, close friend, etc. The Emergency Contact List should be within reach of the child should they need to call 9-1-1. Ensure the child knows to never dial 9-1-1 unless there is an emergency. Never give old cell phones to children to use as toys; many de-commissioned cell phones can still dial 9-1-1.
ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE
9-1-1 Calltakers in Multnomah County utilize a language translation service to communicate with non-English speaking callers. Teach your non-English speaking family and friends to learn the English word for the language they do speak (e.g., Spanish, Vietnamese, Russian, etc.). Encourage them to learn the words police, fire, and ambulance in English. 9-1-1 Calltakers do not need a lot of information to get help started so even if someone speaks very little English, encourage them to call 9-1-1 when necessary.
Do not dial 9-1-1 when the power goes out. Contact your local power company. Be patient because everyone else without power may be calling, as well. 9-1-1 may not have any answers as to why the power is out. By calling 9-1-1, you are keeping a Calltaker from helping someone else with a true emergency.
9-1-1 is appropriate in situations where someone has a medical need based on the power being out (e.g., their home oxygen concentrator is not working) or there are live wires down on the ground, etc.
DO NOT DIAL 9-1-1 AND ASK FOR THE NON-EMERGENCY NUMBER
The Non-Emergency number can be found on the front cover of your telephone book. You can dial 4-1-1 (Directory Assistance) to get the number, as well. If nothing else, the internet is your best friend and can find just about anything you ever wanted to know.