Housing and sustainability-focused bills will help increase housing opportunity and add to the sustainability toolkit in Portland.
The Bureau of Planning and Sustainability doesn’t just develop new zoning code and climate actions plans. Staff also work closely with the City of Portland’s legislative liaisons to ensure we’re achieving our goals for a healthy and equitable city at the state level.
At the close of the 2019 state legislative session, an unprecedented number of bills we’ve advocated for passed into law. Below is a list of the most impactful bills on the future of housing and equitable opportunities for all Portlanders, as well as several that address waste reduction.
HOUSING-RELATED BILLS (PASSED)
HB 2001 – Middle Housing Requirement
HB2001 requires the state’s bigger cities to allow middle housing in single-dwelling zones. This mandate is larger than the scope of the Residential Infill Project: It allows duplexes everywhere, and triplexes, quadplexes, and cottage clusters in some single-dwelling neighborhoods. It applies to all single-dwelling residential zones, whereas RIP currently applies to R7, R5, and R2.5 zones. Currently, the bill requires cities to comply by June 2022, which will give us time to bring Portland’s RF, R20 and R10 zones into compliance.
HB 20001 also includes direction to the Building Codes Division (BCD) to change the building code rules on converting existing single-dwellings to triplexes and quadplexes.
HB 2003 – Housing Needs Analysis
This bill creates a new performance measure for housing: a housing shortage analysis. The State of Oregon will do a statewide housing analysis and determine housing allocations for Oregon’s regions and local jurisdictions. Housing would be classified by type and affordability. Cities will be required to adopt a housing production strategy (after updating their buildable land inventories) to identify steps to remove financial and regulatory impediments to developing needed housing. Cities would need to update the analysis every six years.
SB 534 – Residential Narrow Lot Development
This bill was a high priority for the Portland homebuilders. It requires the City of Portland to allow development of at least one dwelling unit on each platted lot that is zoned for single-family development, subject to reasonable siting and design regulations. The new rules, which take effect March 1, 2020, would allow for more narrow lot, skinny house development than is recommended by the Residential Infill Project. Zoning map changes for areas with underlying historic narrow lot plats will need to be incorporated into RIP.
HB 2916 – Transitional Housing
Removes limits on the number of campgrounds allowed in a city, especially those for transitional housing.
HB 2423 – Small Home Specialty Code
Adopts International Residential Code Appendix Q as part of state building codes to regulate the construction of permanently sited small homes under 400 square feet, including sleeping lofts accessed by ladders. Requires small homes to include photoelectric smoke alarm. Adopts standards for residential fire sprinkler system.
SB 608 – No Cause Evictions and Rent Stabilization
Prohibits landlords from terminating month-to-month tenancy without cause after 12 months of occupancy. Limits maximum annual rent increase to seven percent above annual change in consumer price index. Declares emergency, effective on passage.
Sustainability wins and losses in the 2019 state legislative session.
Though HB 2020, Oregon’s Cap and Trade bill, did not reach the Governor’s desk, several bills addressing waste reduction passed, including:
- HB 2509: Plastic bag ban
- SB 90: Straw and condiments by request only
- HB 3273: Drug takeback
- HB 3114: Ecycles updates
- SB 792: More regulations for auto dismantlers
- SB 93: Bottle bill – redemption centers in rural areas
- SB 247-B: Bottle bill expanded to hard kombucha
- SB 522A: Bottle bill – limits out-of-state returns
- SB 914: Bottle bill – OBRC product registry required
HB 2623 – Related to hydraulic fracturing (passed)
This bill prohibits the use of hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas exploration and production. Recognizing the bill supports City of Portland Climate Action Plan goals, BPS supported this bill as a #1 priority.