Skip to Main Content View Text-Only

The City of Portland, Oregon

Planning and Sustainability

Innovation. Collaboration. Practical Solutions.

Phone: 503-823-7700

Curbside Hotline: 503-823-7202

1900 SW 4th Ave, Suite 7100, Portland, OR 97201

More Contact Info

Subscribe to RSS feed

Most Recent

View Less

Needs Assessment

The Needs Assessment Report documents current public participation in off-road cycling, as well as in other trail-based recreational activities. It explores who is riding bicycles off-road and examines the demand for additional off-road cycling trails and facilities. 

Key Findings 


  • Approximately 11 to 12 percent of local residents ride a bike off-road at least once a year, more than many other outdoor sports like tennis, field sports, golf and skateboarding.
  • Walking and hiking are the most popular uses of unpaved trails locally. Approximately 60 to 65 percent of residents walk or hike on local trails.
  • A significant percentage (40 percent) of statewide off-road cycling activity occurs in Multnomah County. Portland is also a major location for competitive off-road cycling events. 


  • People who ride bicycles off-road are similar to those who participate in other trail-based recreational activities. 
  • More women participate than men.
  • Peopl of all ages participate; total adult participation is roughly even between the following age groups: 18-29, 30-39, 30-39, 50 or older. 
  • People of all income groups participate. Approximately one-third of participating households have incomes of $50,000 or less, while 28 percent earn more than $100,000.
  • Trail-based activities, including off-road cycling, tend to have higher participation rates among people who identify as White than the population as a whole.

Demand for addtional opportunities 

  • Creating additional unpaved dirt trails for walking and hiking is the highest non-motorized trail priority both statewide and in the Portland region.
  • Given trends in population growth and participation, overall off-road cycling ridership is expected to grow.
  • Nearly half (47 percent) of residents in the Portland region consider creating additional trails for singletrack bicycling a priority, the highest level of support statewide. However, this is lower than similar ratings for walking/hiking (76 percent), hard surface biking (59 percent), and running/jogging (54 percent).
  • A local community questionnaire indicates a particular interest in beginner and moderately challenging trails.
  • Most off-road cyclists prefer rides that are between 30 minutes and 2 hours in length, or approximately 3 – 11+ miles.
  • Ability to experience nature and well-maintained trails are key desires.