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The City of Portland, Oregon

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8.48.050 Toilet Facilities for Industrial Employees.

Every place of industrial employment shall be provided with adequate toilet facilities which are separate for each sex, except as hereinafter provided.  Separate accommodations shall be apart from each other and have their own separate approaches.  The one for men shall be clearly marked “MEN” and the one for women shall be clearly marked “WOMEN.”

A.  Toilet rooms.  Toilet rooms shall be readily accessible to employees using them.  No toilet facilities shall be more than one floor above or below the regular place of work of the persons using them, unless passenger elevators are available for employee’s use in going to and from toilet rooms.  Toilet facilities shall be located within 200 feet of all locations at which workers are regularly employed.

The door to every toilet room shall be fitted with an effective self‑closing device and screened so that the compartments are not visible from the working room.

All compartment doors shall be supplied with latch.  No toilet room shall open directly into a room where food is prepared, stored, served, manufactured or processed.

B.  Water closets and urinals.  One water closet shall be deemed adequate when not more than five males and females are required to use the same accommodations.  When there are more than a total of five persons, males and females, employed or engaged, separate accommodations for each sex shall be provided according to the following table:


Minimum Number of Persons
Number of Water Closets
6 to 9
10 to 24
25 to 49
50 to 74
75 to 100
Over 100
1 for each additional 30 persons

When three or more water closets are required for men, one urinal may be substituted for one water closet, up to a maximum of one‑third of the total water closets required.  Whenever urinals are used they shall be of the wall type or pedestal type urinals equipped with an integral trap.  Urinals shall be flushed by a flush‑meter valve equipped with a vacuum breaker or by an elevated urinal flush tank.  An adequate supply of toilet paper shall be provided for every water closet.  Dry, covered depositories for refuse shall be kept in all toilet rooms used by females.

C.  Washing facilities.  Adequate facilities for maintaining personal cleanliness shall be provided.  The same shall be conveniently located for the employees for whom they are provided and shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner.

Individual towels of cloth or paper shall be provided and proper receptacles maintained for disposing of used towels.  Other apparatus for drying the hands may be substituted for towels only after approval by the Health Officer.  Unless the general washing facilities are on the same floor and in close proximity to the toilet rooms, adequate washing facilities shall be provided in every toilet room or adjacent thereto.

A suitable cleansing agent shall be provided at each wash basin.

At least one wash basin with an adequate supply of hot and cold water shall be provided for every 20 employees or portion thereof, up to 100 persons; and one wash basin for each additional 25 persons or portion thereof.  Twenty‑four inches of the circumference of a wash fountain shall be considered equal to one basin.

A wash basin supplied with hot and cold water from one facet shall be provided near the place of work for every five employees exposed to skin contamination by any poisonous, infectious or irritating material.