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City of Portland

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2.16.010 Definitions.

As used in this Chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:

A.  “Allowable contribution” means a monetary donation of at least $5 but no more than $250 in support of a participating or certified candidate that is:

1.  Made by an individual;

2.  Made during the election cycle in which the candidate is seeking office; and

3.  Acknowledged by documentation, as specified by administrative rule.

B.  “Campaign finance entity” means a principal campaign committee registered with the Oregon Secretary of State.

C.  “Candidate” means:

1.  An individual whose name is printed on a ballot, for whom a declaration of candidacy, nominating petition or certificate of nomination to public office has been filed or whose name is expected to be or has been presented, with the individual’s consent, for nomination or election to public office;

2.  An individual who has solicited or received and accepted a contribution, made an expenditure, or given consent to an individual, organization, political party or political committee to solicit or receive and accept a contribution or make an expenditure on the individual’s behalf to secure nomination or election to any public office at any time, whether or not the office for which the individual will seek nomination or election is known when the solicitation is made, the contribution is received and retained or the expenditure is made, and whether or not the name of the individual is printed on a ballot.

D.  “Certified candidate” means a candidate running for a covered office who is certified as eligible to receive public contribution matching from the Fund.

E.  “Contested election” means an election in which there are at least two candidates for a covered office who have a campaign finance entity. Contested election includes a special election held to fill a vacancy in a covered office.

F.  “Contribution” has the meaning set forth in ORS 260.005 and 260.007 at the time of this Chapter’s adoption.

G.  “Covered office” means the office of Mayor, Commissioner or Auditor.

H.  “Director” means the Director of the Office of Neighborhood Involvement or the Director’s designee, and includes any individual or entity with whom the City contracts to administer and enforce this Chapter or a portion thereof.

I.  “Election cycle” means the primary election period and the general election period for the same term of a covered office. For a special election, it means the special nominating election period and the special runoff election period.

J.  “Expenditure” has the meaning set forth in ORS 260.005 and 260.007 at the time of this Chapter’s adoption.

K.  “Fund” means the Public Election Fund.

L.  “General election matching period” means the period beginning 20 days before the primary election and ending 21 days before the general election.  The general election matching period for a special runoff election must be set by administrative rule.

M.  “General election period” means the period beginning the day after the biennial primary election and ending the day of the biennial general Election.

N.  “Independent expenditure” means an expenditure by a person for a communication in support of or in opposition to a clearly identified candidate for City office that is not made with the cooperation or with the prior consent of, or in consultation with, or at the request or suggestion of, a candidate or any agent or authorized committee of the candidate. The terms “expenditure”, “clearly identified” and “agent” and the phrases “communication in support of or in opposition to a clearly identified candidate or measure” and “made with the cooperation or with the prior consent of, or in consultation with or at the request or suggestion of, a candidate or any agent or authorized committee of the candidate” shall have the meanings set forth in ORS 260.005 and 260.007 at the time of this Chapter’s adoption.

O.  “Individual” means a natural person.

P.  “In-kind contribution” has the meaning set forth in the Oregon Administrative Rule 165-012-005 at the time of this Chapter’s adoption.

Q.  “Matchable donor” means an individual 18 years of age or older who resides within the City limits of the City of Portland, whose residency is verified pursuant to criteria established by the Director, and who can legally contribute to campaigns under state and federal law. The Director may use voter registration as the sole means of verifying residency if the Director determines other methods are not reliable or expedient. Matchable donors may only have their contributions matched for one candidate in each contested election in each matching period.

R.  “Non-participating candidate” means a person who is running for a covered office who chooses not to apply to be a certified candidate, applies to be a certified candidate but fails to qualify, or a certified candidate who declines to accept a public contribution.

S.  “Notice of intent” means a notice filed with the Director that a candidate intends to seek qualification as a certified candidate.

T.  “Participating candidate” means a person who is a candidate for a covered office and who seeks to be a certified candidate in a primary election or general election. Limitations imposed on a participating candidate apply during the entire election cycle, both before and after filing a notice of intent to participate, whether or not the candidate has announced an intention to seek public contribution matching, and continue to apply once the candidate becomes a certified candidate.

U.  “Primary election matching period” means the period of time beginning July 1 of the year preceding the primary election for the office the candidate seeks and ending 21 days before the date of the primary election. The primary election matching period for a special nominating election must be set by administrative rule.

V.  “Primary election period” means the period beginning on the 21st day after the preceding biennial general election and ending the day of the biennial primary election.

W.  “Public contribution” or “public contribution matching” means money disbursed from the Fund to a certified candidate.

X.  “Publicly funded campaign account” means a campaign finance account established by a candidate for the exclusive purpose of receiving allowable contributions, public contribution matching and seed money contributions and spending funds in accordance with this Chapter.

Y.  “Seed money contribution” means a contribution that is not an allowable contribution or in-kind contribution, which is received by a participating candidate before filing a notice of intent. A loan from the candidate or the candidate’s spouse is considered a seed money contribution.

Z.  “Special nominating election” means a nominating election for a covered office held on any date other than the biennial primary election date when the Primary Election for that office would normally be held pursuant to City Charter Section 3-301.

AA.  “Special nominating election period” means the period beginning on the day a vacancy exists or a notice of intent to resign from office is filed with the Auditor and ending the day of the Special Nominating Election.

BB.  “Special runoff election” means a runoff election for a covered office held on any date other than the biennial general election date when the General Election for that office would normally be held pursuant to City Charter Section 3-301.

CC.  “Special runoff election period” means the period beginning on the day after the special nominating election and ending the day of the special runoff election.