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You may have seen recent news stories about changes in the international recycling market. Please know that Portland’s curbside recycling service has not changed. You should keep recycling at work and at home. If changes occur in the future, we’ll let you know.
Portland has one of the highest rates of recycling in the country – and that’s thanks to you! Recycling has many benefits, and one of the biggest is the environmental benefit of reducing the amount of raw materials and energy needed to make products from scratch.
As individuals, we can help the recycling system work well by putting the right things in the recycling bin and keeping the wrong things out.
When in doubt, throw it out. If you’re not sure if something can be recycled, and you don’t have time to check the list, put it in the garbage. Being a “wishful recycler” can do more harm than good, increasing cost and hassle for sorting facilities to remove the unwanted materials and send them to the landfill.
Make sure your workplace waste containers are well-labeled with our free posters (we have stickers too) and detailed Recycling Guide poster. You can also contact us to schedule a Recycling Refresher presentation for your workplace.
Recycling is a great way to reduce the energy and natural resources needed to make products — but you can save even more energy and natural resources by reducing the amount of plastics and other “stuff” you use.
Make the switch from throw-away items to reusable items. Buy in bulk to avoid packaging. Bring your own reusable water bottle and coffee mug. If you get take-out food, tell the staff up front you don't need a bag, napkins and/or one-use utensils. Or, where possible, sign up for a reusable take-out container program.
Is recycling changing?
Curbside recycling has NOT changed. Your mixed and glass recycling at work and at home remains the same. We will let you know if any changes are made in the future.
While curbside recycling hasn’t changed, if you were collecting “extra plastics” to recycle, you've probably noticed local recycling depots and grocery stores have stopped accepting them. (Plastic bags are still accepted in some places: Use this online tool to find locations. We recommend calling individual grocery store locations to confirm before making a special trip.)
State and local governments, recyclers and garbage and recycling companies are working together to address current recycling market conditions and to work on longer term options. Oregon’s Department of Environmental Quality is leading this effort: You can find more information on the recycling market conditions and what it means for Oregon on their website.
Where do our recyclables go?
Some materials are recycled locally, others internationally.
Most cardboard, glass, metal, and plastic from the Bottle Bill get recycled locally.
Other materials are sent to international markets, where demand for recycled materials from the U.S. has been huge. Pallets of recyclables often fill cargo ships that have brought goods to the U.S. and would otherwise return empty.
Learn more about where recyclables go after they leave your home or workplace.
Why are some things labeled “recyclable” not allowed in Portland’s recycling?
Recycling labels, including the recycling number labels on plastics, do not mean the item is recyclable in Portland’s system. The list of what’s recyclable in Portland was decided using a variety of factors, including what materials have a strong, steady market (that is, manufacturers want to buy them to make new products), as well as whether or not items can be sorted in local sorting facilities.
Plastic bags, for example, can be recycled into products like composite decking, but the bags cause major problems at the sorting facilities; they get caught in the gears of the machines, shutting down the facility while staff have to clean out the gears.
Are “compostable” plastics a good alternative?
Food is what makes nutrient-rich compost, not packaging. Additionally, “compostable” plastics and packaging don’t always break down and can lead to confusion that results in regular plastics contaminating compost.
“Compostable” packaging is also not recyclable. If it ends up in recycling, it causes problems for recycling facilities and contaminates the plastics that could be recycled.
Anything labeled “compostable” or “biodegradable” should go in the trash.